TNR Project: GP Examples Live List

Objective: To compile a list of GP examples together

Mode: Google Docs collaboration

Roles: Collaborator, Delegate

How to participate?
– Share your GP examples via the Notes Upload portal and indicate that your document shared is for this project
– Wait for your gmail to be invited to join in the Google Docs
– Work on the notes together with other collaborating members


Start by contributing a list of examples!
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  1. Fervid patriotism has lead to a timid reportage of the US government’s subsequent actions in the aftermath. Uncritical and polarizing attitudes of media networks were formed after the 9/11 attacks. The networks’ desire to support the Bush administration resulted in the abandoning of their duty as monitor and watchdog of policies.
  2. US film mocking Prophet Mohammad sparked protests in Afghanistan, Pakistan and Indonesia; leading to the death of 4 americans including the US Ambassador to Libya
  3. Captains of both the Brazilian and German soccer teams stepped forward to deliver anti-racism messages before the commencement of the world cup semi-finals
  4. 1994 Rwanda Genocide: failed to make the top of the TV news bulletins even days after the killings started mainly due to difficulty of access into Rwanda but also due to the fact that senior correspondents were busy covering the election of its first black president in South Africa
  5. Pictures from Rwanda that showed the scale of the slaughter were also never aired as they were deemed too graphic for British viewers
  6. Talent variety shows such as “American Idol” and “Britain’s Got Talent” which invite laypeople to try their hand at becoming music celebrities, have become immensely popular. The products of these tawdry televised competitions are performers of formulaic and unimaginative pop music whose bland celebrity appeal tends to rest on predictable traits such as physical attractiveness and vocal theatrics. Clearly, these programs are not concerned with musical quality, but with manufacturing homogenized celebrity cut-outs who may be relied upon to garner television ratings and subsequent album sales. Once again, artistic integrity has been made subordinate to the lucrativeness of popular entertainment — one more demonstration of how the mass media creates mediocrity.
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  1. 2011 first successful transplant of a synthetic trachea.
    1. Plastic polymer used, fast and efficient. Person’s own stem cells were used, therefore risks of organ rejection and complications are minimized.
  2. Most scientists rely on private funding for their research.
    1. Impossible for scientists to stay objective when their research threatens the agenda of corporate sponsors.
    2. Company’s business interest will impinge on the researcher’s academic freedom and emphasize on research that can be quickly monetized.
    3. Corporate funded studies comparing cholesterol drugs are 20 times more likely to favor the sponsor’s drug.
    4. Harvard: Medical researchers who accepted corporate supported subjected to longer delays in publication of their findings and more confidentiality restrictions.
  3. Journalists have uncovered through anonymous surveys that academics plagiarize and falsify scientific results due to a high pressure to show tangible outcomes amongst other reasons.
  4. Advancements in space research and technology yielded discoveries of potentially habitable planets (e.g. Kepler-22b).
    1. $1 invested in space program = $8 returned to economy.
    2. ISS: 15 nations come together in 10 years setting aside borders and differences to design, assemble and conduct research at the Station.
  5. All observed facts of science might as well be theories because the limits of our human biology prevents us from seeing, hearing, smelling, tasting and thinking about the world with absolute microscopic accuracy. Given the constraints of human ability to extend research to a point of certainty and non-contention, it is impossible for us to ever declare scientific theories as truth.
  6. Tuskegee Syphilis Study: US Public Health Service conducted a study in which human guinea pigs died of syphilis and its side effects. 400 poor black men with syphilis were enrolled. They were never notified nor treated. While medical knowledge may have enabled progress in the diagnosis and treatment of syphilis, the end did not justify the means. This is a blatant contravention of the Nuremberg Code but also a ruthless act of racial discrimination.
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  1. Failed Kyoto Protocol, Copenhagen Summit and Rio Earth Submit have revealed that attempting to among a global trade off between environmental concerns and growth remains an overly ambitious undertaking
    1. US has yet to ratify the treaty of Kyoto Protocol. Congress refuses to budge. Signals to world that even the most powerful nation in the world is unwilling to compromise on economic growth for the environment
  2. Developing countries like China and India made no pledges to address environmental concerns as they argues that the developed world has caused most of the problems and should bear most of the responsibility for solving it
    1. (China) Three Gorges Dam: World’s largest power station in terms of installed capacity, hydroelectric dam built by the government
    2. While its purpose was to be more environmentally friendly, the government had to cut down on trees to build the dam (deforestation) and the dam exacerbates water pollution by impounding waters, trapping sediment and increasing eutrophication.
    3. Why did Three Gorges Dam backfire?
      1. Evaluation: While the government does attempt to resolve environmental issues the lack of regulations and corruption defeat the purpose of such policies
    4. (China) Government effort to address deforestation was through the ‘Green Wall’ but it failed because over 50% of the seedlings didn’t take root since the seedlings were not compatible with the soil
    5. In rural china, the main source of income is through agriculture but farmers don’t use environmentally friendly methods but rather use traditional, cheap farming methods
    6. China has what is infamously known as ‘cancer villages’ because of the high number of cancer cases in those villages which happen to use the nearby river as their source of water. Most industrial factories are located around villages with rivers because they dump toxic waste into the rivers, cheaper way of getting rid of waste
    7. China, Deng’s focus on environmental growth, ‘First raise our growth’ campaign
  3. Ecotourism doesn’t work: 2009 exotic natural areas in Galapagos underwent development for ecotourism, exterminating a whole species of native butterflies in the process (Scale is tipped in favor of generating business profits in ecotourism)
  4. It was not until BP’s lax oversight that resulted in a major oil spill (2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill) that hugely dented their reputation and potentially profits that they began intensifying environmental efforts (Bottomline is still the driving force)
  5. Japan’s Top Runner program where most energy efficient products in each product category is used to set the standard to be achieved by all manufacturers of products in the category within the next four years, allowing Japan to be one of the most energy efficiency economies in the world while retaining its rank as the world’s 4th largest economy
  6. US Clear Skies Act of 2003: Reduction of air pollution through expansion of cap-n-trade programs.
  7. France’s carbon tax legislation in 2009 (John Keynes): Better to be roughly right than precisely wrong.
  8. Rise of 1.5ºC between 2030 and 2060
  9. UNGA, UNDP continuously talks about the environment but no actual clear mechanism, vague terms
  10. Darfur Conflict and Climate Change
    1. Rainfall has decreased 30% over 40 years and Sahara desert is advancing southwards by well over a mile every year
    2. Southern Nuba tribe and Arab nomad conflict due to Arabs ‘cutting into their trees to feed their camels’
    3. UN Sec-Gen: Conflict is not a military, political or ethnic conflict, rather, it began as an ecological crisis
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  1. Firefly Milward Brown: Singaporeans spend an average of 38 minutes per session on Facebook, the longest globally.
  2. Richest 10% in Singapore own 33% of overall income
  3. High GINI: 2nd highest income divide in the world
  4. Proportion of women who were childless increased from 14% to 20% between 2000 and 2012 among females aged 30 to 39
  5. Advanced Medical Directive has been available in Singapore for nearly 20 years
  6. Singapore has one of the most liberal abortion policies where abortion patients only need to undergo compulsory counseling two days before the procedure. Ease of access to legal abortions at public hospitals coupled with heavy medical subsidies has indirectly encouraged abortion amongst Singaporeans.
  7. Singapore has one of the world’s highest homeownership rates
  8. Trickle down meritocracy sees the growth of the economy and the progress of society driven by its elite, by the best and brightest. The view contends that the poor are best served by providing the best and brightest with maximum opportunities to succeed, as they are the ones who create jobs for the rest.
  9. Spending on tuition doubled in town years to 820 million in 2008. Singapore has been dubbed the “Tuition Nation”
  10. Only 20% in the lowest monthly household income bracket ($4000 and below) have kids currently enrolled in tuition – Tuition is less accessible for the poor
  11. 23% of all Singaporeans think that kids should start tuition in preschool before they begin compulsory primary school education
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2011 General Elections

  1. Greater proportion of young voters going to the polls: Extensive use of social media by young electorate to galvanize political opinions.
  2. Quality opposition, not quantity opposition. It is important to have a credible, vibrant and quality opposition to keep the ruling party on its toes. But it is important to not push opposition into parliament just because there is a need for a second opinion
  3. As Singapore matures as a society, its political landscape will inevitably be more diverse and competitive. the question of how Singapore ensures its political system remains inclusive and representative, and in tandem with the growing democratic aspiration, while increasing Singaporeans’ civic participation and democratic ownership of governmental process is still unanswered. However, the greater involvement of Singaporeans in politics is indeed an affirmation that Singapore will no longer be the politically apathetic society it used to be, where one party dictated how the country was ran under the hood of democracy.


Population White Paper 2013

  1. Citizen population reached a turning point in 65 as the first cohort of Baby boomers turned 65
  2. Nearly 1/4 of SG’s citizen population will enter their silver years
  3. TFR was 1.2, below the replacement rate of 2.1 in 2011
  4. Currently 5.9 working age citizens for each citizen aged 65 and above, ratio will fall to 2.1 by 2030
  5. About 40% of marriages in Singapore each year are between a Singaporean and a non Singaporean.
  6. Number of PRs in Singapore granted each year fell from high of ~80,000 in 2008 to 30,000 now
  7. Rail network will x3 in length by 2021
  8. Life expectancy of Singapore rose from 66 yrs in 1970 to 82 in 2010
  9. Projected population of 6.9 mil in 2030


Income Gap

  1. Workfare, CPF top-ups, housing grants, utility rebates constituted a 43.3% of annual incomes for HDB 1 and 2 room resident households in 2010
  2. Fundamental basis of sharing the nation’s wealth transited from equality to equity
  3. Workfare Income Supplement has been raised to $1900 which will benefit 30% of the citizen workforce



  1. Meritocracy is a political or social system in which rewards are allocated on the basis of an individual’s merits, abilities and/or talents as demonstrated or evidenced by his achievements. It is premised on equality of opportunity.
  2. Singapore’s meritocratic system places an emphasis on academic merit
  3. Problems: Singapore’s meritocracy rewards ‘type’ whereby rewards are allocated to individuals who are deemed to have the ‘right’ attributes (Over emphasis of Singapore’s exam oriented system)
  4. National exams taken early on in life have a disproportionate bearing on the prospects of a child for the rest of his life
  5. Singapore’s competitive system focused on ‘sorting the best from the rest’ has resulted in greater pressure to gain a competitive edge via non-meritocratic means such as parents volunteering, leveraging alumni connections or moving to affluent neighborhoods where a number of prestigious schools are located to get their children into these schools
  6. Correlation between economic background of a child and academic achievements and aspirations in Singapore
  7. 6/10 students in top primary and secondary schools live in private property while only 2/10 Singaporeans do
  8. Preferential access to schools that children of alumni enjoy, higher concentration of good schools in affluent neighborhoods and greater resources that well-to-do families have for tuition and enrichment programs are examples of how Singapore’s meritocracy contributes to inequity and reduced social mobility
  9. Meritocracy with high and rising inequality sows the seeds of its own demise. If we care about preserving meritocracy, it is incumbent on us to limit the rise in inequality


Contribute a list of GP examples of ANY topic(s) to view more from the following topics:

New Media




The Arts






Crime and Punishment

War and Conflict




Prejudice and Discrimination


plus many more…


This set of notes is licensed under a  Creative Commons license:
Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0).  


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