General Paper – The more Science advances, the more Religion will decline. Do you agree?

Full essay outline

Contributed by: Admin

 

Agree

  1. The onward march of scientific inquiry and scepticism is causing the widespread weakening of religious belief as the decades roll by and responsible for paving the way forward for the secularisation (the activity of changing something, art or education or society or morality etc. so it is no longer under the control or influence of religion) of society today
  2. In providing rational explanations for natural phenomena, scientific knowledge eroded popular belief in superstition, magic and ultimately, religion.
  3. The expansion of scientific knowledge and thought also broke religion’s vaunted and once impenetrable hold over political power, enabling a democratic revolution that gave people more political choice.
  4. Religion’s history of tyranny, violence and hypocrisy has made it easier for science to push religion into a decline.
  5. There are multiple religions. Each with differing of opinions on creation and redemption and beliefs and practices, while science has been able to provide, via its unified body of knowledge, a more coherent picture of the world.

Examples:

  • For much of the 20th century, religion was banished from politics as a sign of ignorance and fanaticism as modernising political leaders of developing nation states like Turkey, India and Egypt saw scientific progress as the key to their economic and national well-being.
  • Much of Continental Europe today still frowns on any religious manoeuvring in politics and fights ferocious battles to keep public life and policy secular.

 

 

Disagree

  1. Religion’s system of ethics offers guidance out of the morass of today’s conflicted and strife-torn world
  2. Science and religion are not in direct conflict with each other: science is an empirical method to understand the world while religion is a belief system built on morals and values
  3. The advancement of science does not negate religion and in fact, serves to provide ‘evidence’ that God exists.
  4. The pursuit of science destroys morality and trivialises human life, hence religion play a prominent role so as to guide its corresponding developments and the actions of scientists.
  5. Instead of seeing science as a distinct set of beliefs from religion, one could see science as yet another evidence of God’s work.

Examples:

  • In the last few years, an increasing number of overt advocates of religion have gained political power and begun an open conflict with secular and atheistic leaders and states, and the beginning of the 21st century has seen a jump in religious intensity and vitality from the 20th
  • Prominent American scientist Stephen Jay Gould posits the view of the ‘Non-overlapping magisterial (NOMA)’, where science and religion occupy two separate realms of human experience.
  • The Dead Sea scrolls and the many other records of God have been possible because science made discovering them possible: carbon dating, developments in archaeological techniques and scientific inquiry etc.
  • Morality guided by religion allows societies to grapple with new ability of science such as regulation of euthanasia, abortion, surrogacy, organ transplants and dangerous surgery like the ones undertaken to separate conjoined twins.

 

 

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